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Persons of Greek descent, language, and culture as opposed to non-Greek “barbarians”; in a broader sense, persons, whatever their origins, who had come under the influence of Greek culture and who lived in the hellenized cities of the Roman Empire as opposed to the rustic, rural population. In the Bible, “Greeks” may refer to pagans in contrast to Jews (2Macc 4:36; Acts 9:29). From a Jewish standpoint the expression “Jews and Greeks” embraces all of humanity (Acts 14:1; Rom 2:9-10; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; 1Cor 12:13). The expression “pious Greeks” can be used for proselytes or God-fearers, i.e., Greeks who converted to Judaism or were interested in it (Acts 17:4).

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.